Divyesh Nemakayala. William Gossman. Avais Raja. Orawan Chaigasame. Khalid Alsayouri. Kyle Blair. Radia Jamil. Erin Hughes. Patrick Le. Anoosh Zafar Gondal. Saad Nazir. Hassam Zulfiqar. Navid Mahabadi. Hussain Sajjad. Steve Bhimji. Muhammad Hashmi.
John Shell. Matthew Varacallo. Heba Mahdy. Ahmad Malik. Abbey Smiley. Sarosh Vaqar. Mark Pellegrini. James Hughes. Beenish Sohail. Hajira Basit. Phillip Hynes. Sandeep Sekhon. Introduction Gorlin syndrome, also called Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, basal cell nevus syndrome BCNS , or nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, is an autosomal dominant familial cancer syndrome. Etiology Basal cell nevus syndrome is caused by mutations in the patched PTCH gene that encodes a transmembrane receptor which recognizes sonic hedgehog signaling proteins. Epidemiology Prevalence of Gorlin syndrome is estimated at 1 per 40,, Evaluation Diagnosis of BCNS requires the presence of two major or one major and two minor clinical criteria.
Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes A multidisciplinary approach is required to manage patients with Gorlin syndrome.
See References. Interested in Participating? Take a quiz of the questions on this article. Take Quiz A year-old boy from India is in a physician's office for a consultation regarding his midface deficiency. On viewing his panoramic radiograph, the physician discovers that he has multiple asymptomatic radiolucencies of the mandible. His lateral cephalometric radiograph shows calcification of the falx cerebri. Which of the following should not be included in the workup for this patient? Click Your Answer Below. Chest radiography to look for bifid ribs.
Impression of palms to look for pitting.
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Total skin surface examination to look for basal cell carcinomas. Extraction of all teeth. Would you like to access teaching points and more information on this topic?
Which syndrome is associated with hundreds of basal cell cancers that often occur after puberty? Down syndrome. Tuberous sclerosis. Ataxia telangiectasia. Gorlin syndrome. A young patient presents with several flesh colored mm papules resembling skin tags on her face. She displays frontal bossing and has palmar pits. A biopsy is obtained from one of the facial lesions and the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma is confirmed.
What is the most likely inheritance of this condition? Autosomal recessive. Autosomal dominant. X-linked recessive. X-linked dominant. A young patient presents for dermatologic evaluation with her mother who carries the diagnosis of Gorlin syndrome, also known as basal cell nevus syndrome. The 5 year girl does not demonstrate any abnormalities on exam.
What genetic test is most appropriate to order? A 13 year old African American boy presents with jaw pain, swelling, and drainage. The diagnosis of odontogenic keratocyst is made on jaw x-ray.
The patient reports his father also developed jaw cysts at an early age. What is the most likely diagnosis? Cowden syndrome. Tuberous Sclerosis.
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A 3 year old boy is diagnosed with medulloblastoma and subsequently diagnosed with Gorlin syndrome. What gene mutated in Gorlin syndrome has been associated with a fold increased risk of medulloblastoma? Which of the following is not a common feature of Gorlin syndrome?
Multiple keratoacanthoma. Over the years the Reddit and medical community at large has edited and perfected this deck. When you download this deck, it will not be pre-divided.
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This is done in the card browser, but does require more student work. To create a new deck, the student needs to open the card browser and navigate to the tag on the left and select it — this will pull up all the cards with that tag in the main panel. They can then select the cards they want to move to a new deck and hit change deck on the top menu bar. Thankfully, these cards are beautifully divided by tag , and in a hierarchical system, and it is very easy to find specific subjects to separate and review based on First Aid see below.
The cards are extremely well crafted, and and follow all the golden rules of good Anki cards. They also include helpful pictures and diagrams mix of google images or First Aid screenshots every 5 cards or so, and, because this is in Anki , you can add your own pictures or information should they wish. In the newest version we reviewed v1.
A sample question looks like the following:. Note of warning : For Brosencephalon , Zanki , or Anki users: spaced repetition is only efficient and effective if you stay up to date with your cards. If you do not keep up with your cards each day, you are missing out on the ability to take full advantage of your efforts put into reviewing the cards in the first place! Brus-Ramer and Dr.